Sunday, October 23, 2011

TKT módulo 1 Phonology

Phonology is the study of the sound features used in a language to communicate meaning.


a) Phonemes
The smallest unit of sound that have meaning in a language.
You can practice the sounds here:
http://www.pearsonlongman.com/phonetic-chart.html
Are represented by:
Phonemic symbols that  make a phonemic script 
(a set of phonemic symbols)
are grouped into:
1) consonants
2) vowels
  •    monophthongs
  •    diphthongs

b) Word stress
  •  unstressed
  •  stress
  •  weak syllables

c) Sentence stress
  •  We say different parts of a sentence with more or less stress (slower and louder or quicker and more softly).
  •   One word of the sentence has main stress.
  •   Is a characteristic of connected speech.
  1.    contractions
  2.    rhythm
  3.    intonation


d) Intonation
We use it to express emotions and attitudes to emphasise or make less important particular thing.



Remember:
Teaching materials sometimes include activities or excersises with focus on hearing or producing different sounds in minimal pairs.
Check this link:
http://www.shiporsheep.com/page1.html