Sunday, July 15, 2012
Lesson planning and use of resources for language teaching
1 Planning and preparing a lesson or sequence of lessons
Identifying and selecting aims
Aims describe what we want learners to learn or be able to do at the end of a lesson, a sequence (series) of lessons or a whole curse. Aims may focus on a grammatical structure or a function, on the vocabulary of a particular topic, or on developing a language skill.
As teachers we need to identify and select the most appropriate aims. What do my learners already know? What do they need to know?
Main aim: Describes the most important thing we want learners achieve in a lesson or in a sequence of lessons.
Subsidiary aim: show the language or skills learners must be able to use well in order to achieve the main aim of the lesson. Stating both main and subsidiary aims is a good way of making sure that our lesson plan focuses on what we want our learners to learn. It enables us to see how lesson should develop, from one stage (or part) to the next. In the best possible order. In addition to the main subsidiary aims, a lesson plan also includes a number of stage aims, describing the particular purpose of each stage.
By identifying a separate aim for each stage of a lesson we can be sure that there is a clear purpose for each activity that we plan, which contributes to the main aim of the whole lesson.
Identifying and selecting main and subsidiary aims are the first steps in planning a lesson, whit this, we can design or select the most appropriate stage aims and activities, put them in the best order and choose the most suitable aids and materials.
Personal aim: show what we would like to improve or focus in our teaching.