Friday, October 26, 2012

Grouping learners or interaction patterns

There are different ways in which we can organise our learners in the classroom. Learners can work on their own, as a whole, in pairs, in teams, or in groups.
The interaction patterns we choose depend on the learners and their learning styles, our teaching style and preferences, the teaching approach, the learning context, the type of activity, the aim or learning purpose of the activity and the stage of a lesson.

Interaction patterns

* Groups or pairs
   Students working with other students.
* Students to the teacher
   Feedback
* Whole class
   Teacher to students
* Individuals
   Students complete their tasks on their own.
* Pairwork
* Open pairs
   Student to student with the teacher facilitating
* Mingling activity
   Students move around the classroom asking questions of other     
   student.
* Groups or pairs 
   Students compare and discuss their answers.

Whole-class activities
Such as mingles, enable all the students to practise the language at the same. These activities are good for increasing confidence, specially amongt shy or weaker learners.

Individual activities
Give students a chance to work at their own pace and to focus and organise their thoughts.

Pair and group activities provide students with opportunities for developing longer turns and fluency through interaction.